Tests for Diabetes

The list below provides some examples of the articles available in the InsHeal Content Repository on blood tests for diabetes. For further details and sample articles, please reach out to us at: insheal@insiwi.co.in.

TestDescription
A1C TestThe A1C test assesses the average blood glucose levels over three months prior to the test. It can be used to screen and diagnose diabetes without the need to fast before the test. It is not recommended for those with blood problems such as hemoglobin abnormalities or chronic blood loss.
Fasting plasma glucoseThe fasting plasma glucose is commonly used to test for diabetes. The reading can get affected by conditions such as stress, illness or diet.
Oral glucose tolerance testThe oral glucose tolerance test measures the blood glucose levels in the fasting state and 1 and 2 hours following the intake of 75 g glucose. It is often used to diagnose diabetes during pregnancy.
Random blood glucoseThe random blood glucose test measures the blood glucose level irrespective of the time of food intake. It can be used to assess the blood glucose levels in patients with symptoms of high or low blood glucose levels.
Two-step strategy for gestational diabetesA two-step strategy is used to test for gestational diabetes, diabetes that first develops during pregnancy. In the first step, the blood glucose level is measured one hour after glucose administration in a non-fasting state. The second step, which consists of an oral glucose tolerance test following the intake of 100 g glucose in the fasting state, is done only if the result in the first step are abnormal.
Urinary ketone estimationThe ketones in the urine are tested in people with diabetes (particularly type 1 diabetes) when the blood glucose levels are very high or in stressful conditions such as infection or surgery. The test may indicate if the person is going into diabetic ketoacidosis.

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Disclaimer: The content provided on this site is meant for informational purposes only and not intended to replace the relationship between the doctor and the patient. It should not be used for self-treatment by patients or by doctors to treat patients. Consult your doctor before using any of the above information.