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|A1C Test||The A1C test assesses the average blood glucose levels over three months prior to the test. It can be used to screen and diagnose diabetes without the need to fast before the test. It is not recommended for those with blood problems such as hemoglobin abnormalities or chronic blood loss.|
|Fasting plasma glucose||The fasting plasma glucose is commonly used to test for diabetes. The reading can get affected by conditions such as stress, illness or diet.|
|Oral glucose tolerance test||The oral glucose tolerance test measures the blood glucose levels in the fasting state and 1 and 2 hours following the intake of 75 g glucose. It is often used to diagnose diabetes during pregnancy.|
|Random blood glucose||The random blood glucose test measures the blood glucose level irrespective of the time of food intake. It can be used to assess the blood glucose levels in patients with symptoms of high or low blood glucose levels.|
|Two-step strategy for gestational diabetes||A two-step strategy is used to test for gestational diabetes, diabetes that first develops during pregnancy. In the first step, the blood glucose level is measured one hour after glucose administration in a non-fasting state. The second step, which consists of an oral glucose tolerance test following the intake of 100 g glucose in the fasting state, is done only if the result in the first step are abnormal.|
|Urinary ketone estimation||The ketones in the urine are tested in people with diabetes (particularly type 1 diabetes) when the blood glucose levels are very high or in stressful conditions such as infection or surgery. The test may indicate if the person is going into diabetic ketoacidosis.|
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