Preventive Medicine

The list below provides some examples of the articles available in the InsHeal Content Repository on preventive medicine. For further details and sample articles, please reach out to us at: insheal@insiwi.co.in.

TopicsDescription
DASH diet – All you need to knowDASH is an acronym for – Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. This article describes the DASH diet which can improve the health of hypertensive patients.
Diet and supplements for thyroid diseaseThis article details dietary inclusions and exclusions for patients with thyroid disease.
Dietary fiber – Health BenefitsThe health benefits of dietary fiber extend beyond the intestines. It may play a role in maintaining cardiovascular health and preventing depression.
Diet in the Prevention of Type 2 DiabetesA specific dietary plan such as a Mediterranean diet may be more beneficial to prevent type 2 diabetes as compared to restriction of certain foods.
Good and Bad Foods for the HeartFruits, nuts, vegetables, legumes, and lean vegetable or animal protein (preferably fish) are heart healthy foods, while trans fats, refined grains and sweetened beverages should be avoided.
Health Benefits of NutsNuts improve blood cholesterol profiles, cardiovascular health and glucose control. They do not cause weight gain, and may be associated with weight loss.
Lifestyle changes in people with high blood pressure Hypertension is often a lifestyle disorder and lifestyle changes can improve blood pressure and overall health. This article lists some of the lifestyle changes that will be useful for people with high blood pressure.
Lifestyle modifications to reduce cognitive declineLifestyle modifications may help to reduce the cognitive decline in the elderly. These may include dietary changes, increasing physical activity, and including music and dance in the routine.
Lifestyle Modifications to Prevent Type 2 DiabetesLifestyle modifications that include an increase in physical activity and following a diet pattern could help to prevent type 2 diabetes.
Mediterranean DietThe Mediterranean diet helps to improve cardiovascular health and diabetes. It consists of fresh fruits and vegetables, olive oil, nuts, fish, whole grains and legumes.
Nuts – A Healthy Addition to the DietNuts are rich in protein, healthy fats, fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants and a good addition to the diet.
Physical Activity for Good HealthThe World Health Organization (WHO) has updated its guidelines regarding physical activity to maintain good health. It advises the minimization of sedentary time and the incorporation of aerobic activities of at least moderate intensity in the weekly schedule.
Physical Activity to Prevent Type 2 DiabetesAn increase in physical activity may reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Polygenic risk scoresPolygenic risk scores calculate the risk of suffering from diseases that are dependent on multiple gene variants. Tests that calculate the risk for conditions like coronary artery disease and breast cancer are commercially available.
Precision public healthPrecision public health uses genetic information to provide the right intervention to the right population at the right time. Its use has been evident in the COVID-19 times, when viral and host genetic information has been used to understand the viral variants and to suggest ways to control and deal with the infection during the pandemic.
Prevention of common oral disordersCommon oral disorders such as dental caries and periodontal diseases can be prevented through adequate mouth hygiene, prevention of risk factors and regular dental checkups.
Prevention of SuicideSeveral measures can prevent suicides. These include identifying people at risk for a suicide, keeping them away from firearm and other lethal means and treating underlying mental health issues such as depression.
Tips to sleep wellA healthy sleep routine, avoiding screens and controlling the intake of stimulants especially before sleeping are some of the measures that could improve the sleep quality.
Vaccines for adultsThough several vaccines are advised in adults, their coverage is relatively low as compared to those given to children. The recommendations for the vaccines vary among countries.
Yoga in Type 2 DiabetesYoga, an ancient practice that originated in India, has been found to benefit patients with diabetes. It can be started after consultation with the diabetologist, and should be done under the guidance of a trained yoga practitioner.
Screening TestsArticle Description
Screening for breast cancerRegular screening for breast cancer using mammography is recommended in women between the ages of 50 and 75 years.
Screening for cardiovascular diseasesHealthy individuals are screened for cardiovascular diseases using risk scores. These scores take the risk factors such as age, sex, smoking and blood pressure readings along with cholesterol levels into consideration.
Screening for cervical cancerThe regular screening for cervical cancer, cancer of the lower tubular part of the uterus, is recommended in women between the ages of 21 to 65 years to detect any cancerous changes early.
Screening for colorectal cancerScreening for colorectal cancers is often recommended between the ages of 45 and 75 years through stool tests or tests such as colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.
Screening for hypertensionThe regular measurement of the blood pressure in a doctors office is recommended for all individuals over the ages of 18 years to detect hypertension early.
Screening for obesity in children and adolescentsChildren and adolescents over the age of 6 years must be screened for obesity based on their body mass index.
Screening for osteoporosis to prevent fracturesWomen over the age of 65 years, as well as in younger postmenopausal women at increased risk for the fractures must be screened for osteoporosis using bone density measurements.
Screening for gestational diabetesPregnant women between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation must undergo screening to detect diabetes that may develop during pregnancy.
Screening for type 2 diabetesThe regular screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in adults aged 35 to 70 years who are overweight or obese is recommended to detect the condition early and prevent complications.

Disclaimer: The content provided on this site is meant for informational purposes only and not intended to replace the relationship between the doctor and the patient. It should not be used for self-treatment by patients or by doctors to treat patients. Consult your doctor before using any of the above information.