Preventive Medicine

The list below provides some examples of the articles available in the InsHeal Content Repository on preventive medicine. For further details and sample articles, please reach out to us at:

DASH diet – All you need to knowDASH is an acronym for – Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. This article describes the DASH diet which can improve the health of hypertensive patients.
Depression and physical activityThough the results of various studies are not equivocal, moderate-intensity physical activity or yoga appears to improve the mood in people with depression.
Diet and depressionA healthy diet such as a Mediterranean or a Japanese diet, which special consideration to the inclusion of nutrients that are important for brain function could benefit people with depression.
Diet and supplements for thyroid diseaseThis article details dietary inclusions and exclusions for patients with thyroid disease.
Dietary fiber – Health BenefitsThe health benefits of dietary fiber extend beyond the intestines. It may play a role in maintaining cardiovascular health and preventing depression.
Lifestyle changes in people with high blood pressure Hypertension is often a lifestyle disorder and lifestyle changes can improve blood pressure and overall health. This article lists some of the lifestyle changes that will be useful for people with high blood pressure.
Lifestyle modifications in depressionLifestyle modifications, which include improvement in diet and sleep hygiene, increased physical activity, social interactions and recreational activities, and avoiding recreational substances could help to improve depression.
Lifestyle modifications to reduce cognitive declineLifestyle modifications may help to reduce the cognitive decline in the elderly. These may include dietary changes, increasing physical activity, and including music and dance in the routine.
Mediterranean DietThe Mediterranean diet helps to improve cardiovascular health and diabetes. It consists of fresh fruits and vegetables, olive oil, nuts, fish, whole grains and legumes.
Physical Activity for Good HealthThe World Health Organization (WHO) has updated its guidelines regarding physical activity to maintain good health. It advises the minimization of sedentary time and the incorporation of aerobic activities of at least moderate intensity in the weekly schedule.
Polygenic risk scoresPolygenic risk scores calculate the risk of suffering from diseases that are dependent on multiple gene variants. Tests that calculate the risk for conditions like coronary artery disease and breast cancer are commercially available.
Precision public healthPrecision public health uses genetic information to provide the right intervention to the right population at the right time. Its use has been evident in the COVID-19 times, when viral and host genetic information has been used to understand the viral variants and to suggest ways to control and deal with the infection during the pandemic.
Tips to sleep wellA healthy sleep routine, avoiding screens and controlling the intake of stimulants especially before sleeping are some of the measures that could improve the sleep quality.
Vitamin D – SourcesThe skin produces vitamin D when exposed to ultraviolet B rays from the sun. Foods such as fatty fish, egg yolks and foods fortified with vitamin D are also good sources of vitamin D.
Yoga in DiabetesYoga, an ancient practice that originated in India, has been found to benefit patients with diabetes. It can be started after consultation with the diabetologist, and should be done under the guidance of a trained yoga practitioner.
Screening TestsArticle Description
Screening for breast cancerRegular screening for breast cancer using mammography is recommended in women between the ages of 50 and 75 years.
Screening for cervical cancerThe regular screening for cervical cancer, cancer of the lower tubular part of the uterus, is recommended in women between the ages of 21 to 65 years to detect any cancerous changes early.
Screening for colorectal cancerScreening for colorectal cancers is often recommended between the ages of 45 and 75 years through stool tests or tests such as colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.
Screening for hypertensionThe regular measurement of the blood pressure in a doctors office is recommended for all individuals over the ages of 18 years to detect hypertension early.
Screening for obesity in children and adolescentsChildren and adolescents over the age of 6 years must be screened for obesity based on their body mass index.
Screening for osteoporosis to prevent fracturesWomen over the age of 65 years, as well as in younger postmenopausal women at increased risk for the fractures must be screened for osteoporosis using bone density measurements.
Screening for gestational diabetesPregnant women between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation must undergo screening to detect diabetes that may develop during pregnancy.
Screening for type 2 diabetesThe regular screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in adults aged 35 to 70 years who are overweight or obese is recommended to detect the condition early and prevent complications.
VaccinesArticle Description
BCG (Bacille Calmette Guerrin) vaccineThe BCG vaccine protects against serious tuberculosis infections. It is administered to all neonates at birth in India. There is some indication that it may protect against severe COVID-19 and other viral respiratory infections.
COVID-19 vaccinesCOVID-19 vaccines have been developed at breakneck speed and are playing an important role in saving lives during the pandemic. Various technologies are being used to manufacture vaccines that are safe and effective against the COVID-19 viral infection, especially against serious disease.
Dengue vaccineA dengue vaccine is available in some countries. It is used only in individuals from endemic areas within certain age groups who have suffered from a previous dengue infection. It reduces the chances of severe disease during a subsequent dengue infection.
Hepatitis vaccinesVaccines that prevent hepatitis A and hepatitis B infections are available alone and in combination. While hepatitis A is used in people at high risk, hepatitis B is routinely used in children and adults at high risk.
Herpes zoster vaccineThe herpes zoster vaccine is administered to adults over the ages of 50 or 60 years, depending on the type of vaccine.
HPV vaccineThe human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine protects against cervical cancer in women and genital warts. It is administered to adolescents and young adults up to 26 years of age.
Influenza vaccineThe seasonal influenza vaccine is administered once a year with a formulation that is specially manufactured for the particular year. Depending on the formulation, it is administered as an injection or a nasal spray.
Pneumococcal vaccineThe pneumococcal vaccine is a vaccine used in children as well as in adults to prevent serious infections caused by pneumococci such as pneumonia and meningitis.
Tdap vaccineThe Tdap vaccine is a combination vaccine that protects against three diseases, tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough. It is used in adolescents and adults, in contrast to the DTaP vaccine that is used on children.
Typhoid vaccineThe typhoid vaccine is available in an oral and an injectable form. It is usually recommended during outbreaks of typhoid.
Varicella vaccineThe varicella vaccine is used in children as well as in adults. Since it is a live attenuated vaccine, it must not be administered to people with low immunity.

Disclaimer: The content provided on this site is meant for informational purposes only and not intended to replace the relationship between the doctor and the patient. It should not be used for self-treatment by patients or by doctors to treat patients. Consult your doctor before using any of the above information.