General Health Topics

The list below provides some examples of the articles available in the InsHeal Content Repository on general health topics. For further details and sample articles, please reach out to us at: insheal@insiwi.co.in.

TopicDescription
ACE inhibitor Induced CoughDrugs like ramipril, lisonopril and enalapril ,which are used to treat patients with high blood pressure and heart failure, belong to a group of drugs called ACE inhibitors. They could cause cough as a side effect, which if persistent, may require the replacement of the medicines with other drugs.
Allergy to AntibioticsAllergic reactions to medications, especially antibiotics, are not uncommon. Alternative options are available for those who are allergic to a particular group of antibiotics.
Antibiotic Resistance in India – Time for ActionAntibiotic resistance could result in redundancy of some of the commonly used antibiotics, and create a deficit in the available treatments. Judicious use of antibiotics is the need of the hour.
Blood Pressure in Normal and Hypertensive IndividualsAccording to the International Society of Hypertension (ISH) guidelines 2020, when measured in the doctor’s office, a blood pressure of less than 130/85 mm Hg is normal. Hypertension is diagnosed when repeated blood pressure readings are ≥140 mm Hg and/or ≥90 mm Hg, or a single reading is very high, i.e. ≥180/110 mm Hg, along with evidence of cardiovascular disease.
Companion diagnostic testsCompanion diagnostic tests detect an abnormality in a gene or a protein responsible for a cancer, and an associated treatment to specifically treat that abnormality is available.
DengueDengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection that could follow a mild course or progress to complications such as bleeding and a fall in blood pressure. The prevention of mosquito bites and early detection of the infection can prevent severe disease.
Drugs and Kidney DamageSome medicines can have adverse effects on the kidney, and could even result in kidney failure. These should be avoided in individuals with pre-existing kidney disease.
Effect of the Internet and Smartphone on the Brain Research suggests that use of digital devices could affect the brain functions such as attention span, cognition and multitasking.
Health Impact of Social MediaSocial media and networking connect long-lost friends but can also introduce feelings of social isolation, affect academic performance and interfere with privacy.
Hypertension-induced organ damageUncontrolled hypertension can damage organs such as the heart, brain, kidneys and eyes. The organ damage can be avoided through the early diagnosis and treatment of the high blood pressure.
Informed ConsentThe informed consent form is a written document that indicates the willingness of a person to participate in a clinical trial after being informed about the relevant information related to the clinical trial.
Measurement of Blood PressureThe blood pressure readings are taken in the doctor’s office and /or at home using validated blood pressure monitors and under recommended conditions to ensure the accuracy of the readings.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)NAFLD is a condition characterized by infiltration of fat in the liver followed by inflammation and fibrosis. With no drugs currently approved for its treatment, diet control and regular exercise with the aim of promoting weight loss constitute the mainstay of the treatment of NAFLD.
Noise-induced Hearing LossHigh decibel levels can affect hearing. Appropriate preventive measures should be taken before the damage becomes permanent.
Obstructive Sleep ApneaObstructive sleep apnea is a condition where a person temporarily stops breathing during sleep. Weight loss and special appliances could help to overcome the breathing problems.
Omics technologies in Cancer TherapyOmics technologies, which include genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics and microbiomics, analyze data related to genes, transcripts, proteins, metabolites and microbial flora, thus contributing to a personalized approach to cancer treatment.
Personal health recordsPersonal health records, especially those related to current illnesses and routine medicines, as well as health insurance details should be available in person as well as with the immediate family or friends. These could be required in case of a medical emergency.
Precision / Personalized MedicinePrecision medicine, also referred to as personalized medicine, moves away from the one-size-fits-all to a tailored approach to individualize treatment for complex diseases such as cancer.
Physical effects of smartphone useThe constant use of smartphones could affect posture and result in joint and muscle pains. Appropriate steps at the right time could help to avoid such complications.
Problematic use of the Smartphone and the InternetThe compulsive use of the smartphone and the internet has been compared to addiction. Self-help interventions or therapeutic counselling can help to overcome such problematic use.
Remission of type 2 diabetesSome people with type 2 diabetes may be able to come off their diabetes medications following interventions such as bariatric surgery or lifestyle modifications. They should however continue to routinely monitor their blood glucose control and check for diabetes complications.
Tests in HypertensionBlood and other tests are recommended in patients with newly diagnosed hypertension. Additional tests may be advised to detect possible causes of hypertension or organ damage due to the high blood pressure
Tumor boardA tumor board is a group of cancer specialists that meet either physically or virtually to discuss the treatment of a cancer based on its molecular profile.

Disclaimer: The content provided on this site is meant for informational purposes only and not intended to replace the relationship between the doctor and the patient. It should not be used for self-treatment by patients or by doctors to treat patients. Consult your doctor before using any of the above information.