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|Test||Description of the Test|
|Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT)||Blood clots with the help of proteins called clotting factors that are present in the blood. The aPTT test is used to check the function of all the clotting factors, except that of factor VII and factor XIII. It is also used to adjust the dose of unfractionated heparin, a blood thinner.|
|D-dimer test||D-Dimer is also known as the fragment D-dimer or fibrin degradation fragment. It is released following the breakdown of a clot into the blood vessels. The test is used to exclude the presence of clots within the blood vessels. It has been used to understand the possibility of clot formation in COVID-19 patients.|
|Fibrin degradation products||Fibrin degradation products are released following the breakdown of a clot in the blood stream. Their levels in the blood increase in conditions such as disseminated intravascular coagulation, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.|
|Prothrombin time||Prothrombin is an important protein involved in the clotting process of blood. The prothrombin time is used to assess the clotting ability of the blood. It detects clotting problems associated with the clotting proteins I, II, V, VII and X.|
|Thrombin test||Thrombin is an enzyme present in the blood which helps in clot formation at the site of injury by converting the clotting protein fibrinogen into fibrin. The thrombin time measures the time taken for fibrinogen to turn into fibrin, and therefore the ability of the blood to clot.|
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